Medical genetics is the answer and the tasks that go with it. There are numerous cases of genetic counselors and clinical geneticists and clinical laboratory geneticists.
They assist patients suffering from genetic disorders, such as autism, birth defects, and prenatal diagnosis.
What Exactly is Medical Genetics?
Genetics is the field of biology that studies the transmission of traits that are hereditary between parents and children over generations. It is among the most crucial domains within the biotechnology broad field and biomedical sciences.
Medical genetics is the application of concepts of genetics to the practice of medicine. It covers research on the genetic causes of disease as well as the mapping of genetics and diagnosis and treatment, as well as genetic counseling. Pharmacogenetics investigates the way that medications affect the genetic background of the body.
Medical Genetics Offers the Chance to Comprehend and Understand the Next
- The inheritance patterns
- Create trees of phylogenetic relations
- Genetics of the Population
- Genetically transmitted diseases
- Evolutionary History
- Good Geneticists are motivated and interested in the genetic causes of diseases and health.
The Most Popular Options for Jobs After Completing a Bachelor’s Degree in Genetics include:
- Genetic Counsellor
- Graduate Research Assistant
- Postdoctoral Researcher
- Forensic Science Research Associate
- Scientific Writer
- Medical Geneticist
- Agricultural Geneticist
- Forensic Scientist
What are the Benefits and Disadvantages of Utilizing DNA Technology in Medicine?
Benefits of Using DNA Technology in Medicine
Recombinant DNA technology utilized in Medicine commonly referred to as “genetic engineering” can benefit individuals in a variety of ways. In one instance, researchers developed artificial human insulin with the help of Recombinant DNA. Patients with diabetes aren’t able to make insulin which is necessary for the production of sugar.
Animal insulin isn’t the best substitute because it triggers extreme allergic reactions for the large majority. Scientists utilized the recombinant-DNA method to discover the gene that makes human insulin. They then insert it into plasmids (cellular structures which replicate independently of chromosomes). These plasmids then were implanted into bacteria that created insulin based on Human genetic codes in the cells.
The insulin produced was safe for human consumption. So, patients who suffer from diabetes could change from an expected life expectancy of 4 years after diagnosis, to having an average life.
The technology of recombinant DNA has contributed to an increase in the production of food products. Fruits and vegetables that were susceptible to attacks from insects are now modified genetically to create resistance. Certain foods are modified so that they offer a longer shelf life or have a higher nutritional value. These innovations have significantly improved the production of plants, which means there’s more food for people at the end of each growth cycle.
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The Disadvantages of Using DNA Technology in Medicine
The disadvantages of recombinant technology can be described as moral. A lot of people think that recombinant DNA technology violates natural laws of nature or their beliefs due to the power that this technology confers on individuals over the simplest elements of our daily lives.
Additionally, there are ethical questions also. Many are concerned that if companies could profit by allowing scientists to patent their work as well as purchase and sell genetic material, this could make genetic material an expensive item. This could result in individuals getting their genetic information taken away and make use of without their consent.
This might sound like a strange scenario; however, these types of situations have happened before. Scientists in 1951 used the unique cells from the body and organs of a lady known as Henrietta Lacks to create an important cell line (the HeLa cell line) that is still used in medical research today.
The relatives of the deceased didn’t know about her donation until the time of her death. They did not receive compensation for the donation; however, other people have benefitted from the use of HeLa cells.
Many are concerned about the safety of altering food or medications and making use of recombinant DNA technology. Even though food items that have been altered genetically seem safe according to numerous research studies, it’s not difficult to understand the reasons why worries are there.
What might happen when a tomato crop that was modified to include jellyfish genes to enhance its strength was made more prevalent? What happens to a non-initiated person who is allergic to jellyfish after eating any of those tomatoes? Are they likely to react? Many people fear that these issues won’t be addressed until it’s too late.
The Advantages of the Use of DNA Technology in the Field of Agriculture
- Faster-growing crops
- Food that is nutritious and delicious
- Fewer pesticides used
The Disadvantages of the Application of DNA Technology to Agriculture
- Some scientists believed that GMOs may cause the development of cancers within an individual.
- Certain people have an allergic reaction to foods that contain GMOs.
They integrate the application of DNA technology and medical science to discover treatment and care for patients with genetic diseases. Their main goal is to improve the living quality of the patient, manage their symptoms, and help patients overcome their obstacles.